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Mapping the wild ectomycorrhizal fungi of Meise Botanic Garden from 2006 to 2012

Version 1.5 published by Meise Botanic Garden on May 21, 2021 Meise Botanic Garden

Between 2006 and 2012 the ectomycorrhizal Fungi of Meise Botanic Garden were surveyed by monitoring species rich sites. By recording the precise location of the fruiting bodies we also aimed to infer the extent of their subterranean mycelia. Surveys were repeated on the same sites over time to facilitate monitoring of changes in species composition within and between sites.


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How to cite

Please be aware, this is an old version of the dataset.  Researchers should cite this work as follows:

(2021): Mapping the wild ectomycorrhizal fungi of Meise Botanic Garden from 2006 to 2012. v1.5. Meise Botanic Garden. Dataset/Occurrence. http://apm-ipt.br.fgov.be:8080/ipt/resource?r=mycorrhizal_fungi_mbg_2006-2012&v=1.5


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Meise Botanic Garden. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 9be00561-9236-462f-b536-4a073b4f02f7.  Meise Botanic Garden publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Belgian Biodiversity Platform.


Occurrence; Observation


Who created the resource:

Meise Botanic Garden
Meise Botanic Garden BE

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Who filled in the metadata:

Pieter Huybrechts
Iris Van der Beeten
Meise Botanic Garden BE

Who else was associated with the resource:

Pieter Huybrechts
Content Provider
Omer Van de Kerckhove
Metadata Provider
Iris Van der Beeten
Meise Botanic Garden 1860 Meise BE
Metadata Provider
Pieter Huybrechts
Meise Botanic Garden 1860 Meise BE

Geographic Coverage

The grounds of Meise Botanic Garden, Meise, Belgium

Bounding Coordinates South West [50.923, 4.318], North East [50.934, 4.336]

Taxonomic Coverage

ectomycorrhizal Fungi of Meise Botanic Garden

Genus  Amanita Dill. ex Boehm.,  Armillaria (Fr.) Staude,  Clitocybe (Fr.) Staude,  Cortinarius (Pers.) Gray,  Hebeloma (Fr.) P.Kumm.,  Inocybe (Fr.) Fr.,  Lactarius Pers.,  Psathyrella (Fr.) Quél.,  Russula Pers.
Species  Amanita aspera (Fr.) Gray,  Amanita excelsa (Fr.) Bertill.,  Russula plumbeobrunnea,  Amanita franchetii (Boud.) Fayod,  Amanita excelsa,  Amanita fulva Fr.,  Amanita pantherina (DC.) Krombh.,  Amanita phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link,  Amanita rubescens Pers.,  Amanita strobiliformis (Paulet ex Vittad.) Bertill.,  Armillaria ostoyae (Romagn.) Herink,  Boletus aereus Bull.,  Boletus appendiculatus Peck,  Boletus erythropus Krombh.,  Boletus impolitus Fr.,  Boletus luridus Viv.,  Boletus queletii Schulzer,  Boletus radicans Rostk.,  Boletus reticulatus Schaeff.,  Butyriboletus fuscoroseus (Smotl.) Vizzini & Gelardi,  Cantharellus ferruginascens P.D.Orton,  Clitopilus prunulus (Scop.) P.Kumm.,  Cortinarius decipiens (Pers.) Fr.,  Cortinarius elatior Fr.,  Cortinarius emollitoides Bidaud, Moënne-Locc. & Reumaux,  Cortinarius hinnuleus Fr.,  Cortinarius obtusus (Fr.) Fr.,  Cortinarius rigens (Pers.) Fr.,  Cortinarius subsafranopes Rob.Henry,  Cortinarius torvus (Fr.) Fr.,  Hebeloma crustuliniforme (Bull.) Quél.,  Hebeloma sacchariolens Quél.,  Hebeloma sinapizans (Paulet) Gillet,  Helvella crispa (Scop.) Fr.,  Hortiboletus engelii (Hlaváček) Biketova & Wasser,  Hortiboletus rubellus (Krombh.) Simonini, Vizzini & Gelardi,  Hydnum repandum L.,  Inocybe cookei Bres.,  Inocybe corydalina Quél.,  Inocybe geophylla (Bull.) P.Kumm.,  Inocybe jurana (Pat.) Sacc.,  Inocybe maculata Boud.,  Inocybe petiginosa (Fr.) Gillet,  Inocybe phaeocomis (Pers.) Kuyper,  Inocybe tabacina Furrer-Ziogas,  Laccaria amethystina Cooke,  Laccaria laccata (Scop.) Cooke,  Lactarius blennius (Fr.) Fr.,  Lactarius circellatus Fr.,  Lactarius controversus Pers.,  Lactarius decipiens Quél.,  Lactarius fluens Boud.,  Lactarius fulvissimus Romagn.,  Lactarius necator (Bull.) Pers.,  Lactarius pallidus Pers.,  Lactarius pubescens Fr.,  Lactarius quietus (Fr.) Fr.,  Lactarius serifluus (DC.) Fr.,  Lactarius subdulcis (Pers.) Gray,  Lactarius subsericatus Kühner & Romagn.,  Leccinum carpini (R.Schulz) M.M.Moser ex D.A.Reid,  Leccinum duriusculum (Schulzer ex Kalchbr.) Singer,  Leccinum scabrum (Bull.) Gray,  Parasola conopilea (Fr.) Örstadius & E.Larss.,  Paxillus involutus (Batsch) Fr.,  Russula amoenolens Romagn.,  Russula atropurpurea (Krombh.) Britzelm.,  Russula carpini R.Girard & Heinem.,  Russula chloroides (Krombh.) Bres.,  Russula clariana R.Heim ex Kuyper & Vuure,  Russula cuprea Krombh.,  Russula curtipes F.H.Møller & Jul.Schäff.,  Russula cyanoxantha (Schaeff.) Fr.,  Russula delica Fr.,  Russula farinipes Romell,  Russula fellea (Fr.) Fr.,  Russula foetens Pers.,  Russula grisea Fr.,  Russula ionochlora Romagn.,  Russula langei Bon,  Russula laurocerasi Melzer,  Russula lutea Vent.,  Russula mairei Singer,  Russula melliolens Quél.,  Russula melzeri Zvára,  Russula nigricans Fr.,  Russula nitida (Pers.) Fr.,  Russula ochroleuca Fr.,  Russula olivacea (Schaeff.) Fr.,  Russula parazurea Jul.Schäff.,  Russula persicina Krombh.,  Russula plumbeobrunnea Jurkeit & Schössler,  Russula praetervisa Sarnari,  Russula pseudointegra Arnould & Goris,  Russula puellaris Fr.,  Russula puellula Ebbesen, F.H.Møller & Jul.Schäff.,  Russula risigallina (Batsch) Sacc.,  Russula solaris Ferd. & Winge,  Russula velenovskyi Melzer & Zvára,  Russula vesca Fr.,  Russula veternosa Fr.,  Russula virescens (Schaeff.) Fr.,  Scleroderma bovista Fr.,  Suillus grevillei (Klotzsch) Singer,  Tricholoma acerbum (Bull.) Quél.,  Tricholoma fulvum (DC.) Bigeard & H.Guill.,  Tricholoma inocyboides Corner,  Tricholoma saponaceum (Fr.) P.Kumm.,  Tricholoma scalpturatum (Fr.) Quél.,  Tricholoma sulphureum,  Tricholoma ustale (Fr.) P.Kumm.,  Tuber aestivum (Wulfen) Spreng.,  Xerocomellus porosporus (Imler ex Watling) Šutara,  Xerocomellus rubellus (Krombh.) Šutara,  Xerocomus chrysenteron (Fr.) Quel.,  Xerocomus cisalpinus Simonini, H.Ladurner & Peintner,  Xerocomus moravicus (Vaček) Herink,  Xerocomus porosporus Imler,  Xerocomus pruinatus (Fr. & Hök) Quél.,  Xerocomus rubellus (Krombh.) Quél.,  Xerocomus subtomentosus (L.) Quél.
Form  Russula melliolens f. atropurpurea Singer

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2006-01-01 / 2012-01-01

Project Data

No Description available

Title Mapping the wild ectomycorrhizal fungi of Meise Botanic Garden from 2006 to 2012
Study Area Description Botanical Garden
Design Description This survey of the ectomycorrhizal fungi of Meise Botanic Garden was started by Omer Van de Kerkhove to investigate the changes over time in species composition between some of the most species rich sites of the botanic garden. A primary goal was to inform park and forest management decisions on the impact of different practices on the rich community of ectomycorrhizal fungi present. The sites that were visited are generally highly managed, with regular mowing and leaf removal. A preliminary conclusion of these observations was already published as Van De Kerckhove, O. (2011). Red List ectomycorrhizal fungi and their dependence on park management. Scripta Botanica Belgica, 47(47), 181–191.

The personnel involved in the project:

Metadata Provider
Iris Van der Beeten
Metadata Provider
Pieter Huybrechts

Sampling Methods

Fruiting bodies were mapped between June and the beginning of November over several years. Due to time constraints, not all fruiting bodies were mapped when they were very abundant.

Study Extent Starting from 2006 and up to 2012 the fungal communities of Meise Botanic Garden were surveyed by taking inventory of the most species rich sites within the domain. Some sites were added to the survey when interesting observational opportunities presented themselves. A dataset containing these sites was published separately (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4778742)

Method step description:

  1. Sites were surveyed opportunistically between June and the beginning of November each year. When fruiting bodies were particularly abundant a subset of individuals were mapped to represent the larger colony.
  2. Fungi observed were hand drawn onto accurate template scale maps (1:100) using fixed landmarks, such as trees, lamp posts, benches and paths. A tape measure was used to locate the fruiting bodies accurately from these locations.
  3. These maps were photographed using a medium format digital SLR camera (Pentax 645Z with Pentax FA-645 45-85mm lens at f/7.1) and imported into QGIS as separate layers.
  4. Before map project transformation all maps using the same template were digitally aligned to avoid the shifting of common features. This allows for common parameters to be used when transforming maps that are based on the same template.
  5. Each map was transformed to Web Mercator projection (EPSG:3857) by using these known ground reference points of which GPS coordinates were already stored in an internal GIS database (QGIS 3.14.15-Pi, GDAL/OGR 3.0.4). In some cases known additional points could be constructed from the drawn maps when drawn features had distances noted from known or projected reference points. Spatial information was added to the TIFF metadata according to the GeoTIFF standard. The algorithms employed were Helmert/Linear transformation when few control points were available, and Thin Plate Spline when more points were available.
  6. Each fruiting body marked on a map was added as a point feature in a shapefile layer using the QGIS digitizing tools.
  7. Coordinate uncertainty was determined by comparing the given distance measurements on the maps to the distances returned by the measuring tool in QGIS.
  8. The resulting spatial data were exported from QGIS and transformed into Darwin Core and are presented in this dataset. Coordinates were transformed to World Geodetic System 84 (EPSG:4326) to facilitate reusability.

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Alessio C. L. (1985). Boletus. Fungi Europaei Vol. 2. Libreria editrice Giovanna. Saronno.
  2. Basso, M.T. (1999). Lactarius. Fungi Europaei Vol. 7. Mykoflora, Italia.
  3. Brandrud T.E., Lindström H., Marklund H., Melot J. & Muskos S. (1989-1998). Cortinarius, Flora Photographica. 1-4 Matfors, Cortinarius HB.
  4. Breitenbach J. & Kränzlin F (1991). Champignons de Suisse Tome 3, Bolets et Champignons à lames 1ère partie. Mykologia, Luzern.
  5. Breitenbach J. & Kränzlin F (1995). Champignons de Suisse Tome 4, Champignons à lames 2ème partie. Mykologia, Luzern.
  6. Breitenbach J. & Kränzlin F (2000). Champignons de Suisse Tome 5, Champignons à lames 3ème partie. Mykologia, Luzern.
  7. Breitenbach J. & Kränzlin F (2005). Champignons de Suisse Tome 6, Russulaceae. Mykologia, Luzern.
  8. Buyck B. (1990). Determinatiesleutel voor het geslacht Russula aan de hand van veldkenmerken. UGent, België.
  9. Dam N. & Kuyper T. W. (2011). Het geslacht Cortinarius in Nederland 10: een voorlopige sleutel. Coolia 54 (4): 189-208.
  10. den Bakker H. C. & Noordeloos M. E. (2005). A revision of European species of Leccinum Gray and notes on extralimital species. Persoonia 18 (4): 511-574.
  11. Heilmann-Clausen J., Verbeken A. & Vesterholt J. (1998). The genus Lactarius. Fungi of Northern Europe Vol. 2. Svampetryk, Denmark.
  12. Knudsen H. & Vesterholt J. Editors (2008). Funga Nordica. Agaricoid, boletoid and cyphelloid genera. Nordsvamp, Denmark.
  13. Ladurner H. & Simonini G. (2003). Xerocomus. Fungi Europaei Vol. 6. Edizioni Canduso, Italia.
  14. Munnoz J. A. 2005. Boletus s.l. (2005). Fungi Europaei Vol. 2b. Edizioni Canduso, Italia.
  15. Noordeloos M. E. (1999). Hoe geraak ik thuis in de Ridderzwammen? Coolia 42 (3): 163-182.
  16. Phillips R. (1981). Paddestoelen van West-Europa. Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Nederland.
  17. Riva A. (2003). Tricholoma suppl. Fungi Europaei Vol. 3a. Edizioni Canduso, Italia.
  18. Romagnesi H. (1967). Les Russules d’Europe et d’Afrique du Nord. Bordas, Paris.
  19. Sarnari M. (1995-2005). Monografia illustrata del genere Russula in Europa. Associazione Micologica Bresadola, Trento.
  20. Stangl J. (1989). Die Gattung Inocybe in Bayern. Hoppea 46: 5-388.
  21. Van De Kerckhove, O. (2011). Red List ectomycorrhizal fungi and their dependence on park management. Scripta Botanica Belgica, 47(47), 181–191.
  22. Walleyn, R., Kesel, A. D., Verbeken, A., & Kerckhove, O. (1998). Mycorrhizal fungi in the Domein van Bouchout. AMK Mededelingen, (1), 14-17.
  23. Wieczorek, J., Bloom, D., Guralnick, R., Blum, S., Döring, M., Giovanni, R., ... & Vieglais, D. (2012). Darwin Core: an evolving community-developed biodiversity data standard. PloS one, 7(1), e29715. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029715